“Genres are instances of repetition and differences” – Steve Neal (Neal, 48, 1980)
- Iconography- Visual elements, which suggest a particular genre.
- Codes and Conventions- The typical items and elements in a particular genre.
– All media text tell a story and the term narrative refers to the way in which these stories are organised.
Most mainstream films follow this structure.
- Order Restored
Todorov believed that all stories began with balance or in other words, order.
There is then a disruption within the storyline, for example something bad happens to one of the characters (disorder)
There is then a resolution to the disorder, followed by a new equilibrium (order) different to the beginning of the story.