When a soundtrack or sound within a scene matches the action within the scene (Synchronous)
Refers to when sound within the scene does not match the action within the scene (Asynchronous)
Where something or someone is presented within a frame, for example foreground or background.
Roland Barthes is a French theorist who came up with two media language definitions;
Refers to a basic literal description of something. For example a young man was wearing dark clothes, boots and a leather jacket.
This refers to what the audience see behind the literal description and what they associate with it. For example, the young man wearing the dark clothes, boots and leather jacket would normally be associate as a ‘rocker’ or some sort of rebel.